Posts Tagged hiv

Updated Information: Updated HIV Incidence Numbers

Wednesday, August 3rd, 2011 | Permalink

HIV incidence is the measure of new HIV infections in a given period. In recent years, CDC has used new technology and methodology to more directly measure the number of new HIV infections in the United States.

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Updated Information: Updated HIV Incidence Numbers

HIV Testing at CDC-Funded Sites, United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2008-2009

Friday, July 29th, 2011 | Permalink

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is essential for improving the health of people living with HIV and reducing new HIV infections. HIV testing improves the health of people living with HIV by identifying undiagnosed HIV infection and linking persons with HIV to medical care, treatment, and prevention services. HIV testing also significantly reduces the risk of HIV transmission among those who learn they are living with HIV.

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HIV Testing at CDC-Funded Sites, United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2008-2009

MMWR: HIV-2 Infection Surveillance — United States, 1987–2009

Thursday, July 28th, 2011 | Permalink

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is categorized into two types, HIV-1 and HIV-2. Worldwide, most HIV infections are HIV-1, whereas HIV-2 largely has been confined to persons in or from West Africa. HIV-1 and HIV-2 have the same routes of transmission, and both can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); however, HIV-2 infections should be differentiated from HIV-1 infections because they are less likely to cause AIDS and their clinical management differs. CDC’s current surveillance case definition for HIV infection applies to both variants of HIV but lacks criteria for differentiating between HIV-1 and HIV-2.

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MMWR: HIV-2 Infection Surveillance — United States, 1987–2009

Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) PS12-1201: Comprehensive Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Prevention Programs for Health Departments

Thursday, June 30th, 2011 | Permalink

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced a 5-year HIV prevention funding opportunity for health departments in states, territories, and select cities. Providing funding to health departments has long been a central component of CDC’s HIV prevention strategy, and is CDC’s single largest investment in HIV prevention. CDC’s new funding opportunity represents a new direction in HIV prevention, and is designed to achieve a higher level of impact with every federal HIV prevention dollar.

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Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) PS12-1201: Comprehensive Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Prevention Programs for Health Departments

MMWR: HIV Screening of Male Inmates During Prison Intake Medical Evaluation — Washington, 2006–2010

Friday, June 24th, 2011 | Permalink

Since 2006, CDC has recommended routine, opt-out human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening for patients in health-care settings with a prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection of ≥0.1%. Before September 2007, the Washington State Department of Corrections (WADOC) only provided HIV testing to inmates on request. In September 2007, WADOC began routine HIV opt-in screening in which inmates were notified that HIV screening would be performed during the prison intake medical evaluation if they consented. In March 2010, WADOC switched to a routine opt-out HIV screening model in which inmates are notified that HIV screening will be performed unless they decline. To assess the proportion of inmates screened and the number of infections diagnosed during the use of the three HIV testing policies, WADOC reviewed HIV testing data for male inmates undergoing intake medical evaluation during January 2006–December 2010.

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MMWR: HIV Screening of Male Inmates During Prison Intake Medical Evaluation — Washington, 2006–2010